What Causes of male infertility?

Male fertility is a complicated cycle to make your beloved pregnant. There are different causes that can help infertile men. It can be a medical condition, genetic, lifestyle, or testicular issue.

Hormonal Imbalances:

Testicle disorders can result in infertility or any kind of abnormalities that can affect the hormonal systems. It can be because of the thyroid, pituitary, hypothalamus or adrenal glands. A lower level of testosterone and other hormonal issues perhaps possess underlying conditions.


Varicocele is one of the common reversible male infertility problems. Due to this problem, the veins swell and drain out testicles. Hence, it reduces the quality and quantity of sperm.

Erectile Dysfunction:

Erectile dysfunction is the difficulty to keep or maintain the erection adequate for sexual intercourse.

Anatomical Abnormalities:

These include hypospadias, i.e., the presence of a urethral opening under the penis that can interfere while having sex.

Genetic Disorders:

Male with genetic disorders like Klinefelter’s syndrome, Kallmann’s syndrome or cystic fibrosis has abnormal development in their reproductive organs.

Lifestyle Habits:

Leading an unhealthy lifestyle can also decrease the quality and number of sperm. Drug use, alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, etc., can shrink the testicles, erectile dysfunction and decrease the production of sperm.



Some infections may intervene in the production of sperm or sperm quality or simply scar and block the expulsion of sperm passage. They are epididymitis, orchitis or sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and gonorrhoea.

Undescended Testicles:

At the time of fetal development, if single or both testicles fail to come down into the sac containing the scrotum, a decrease in fertility occurs.


If you have previously undergone vasectomy, testicular surgery, large abdominal surgery, prostate surgery or anything else, it may prohibit you from bringing sperm during ejaculation.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

There can be many signs of male infertility, but the obvious sign is the inability to get your partner to conceive a baby. Other than that, below are some major signs:
  • Difficulty to ejaculate
  • Pain, lumps or swelling in the testicles
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Poor morphology of sperms
  • A lower sperm count
  • Low motility of sperms
  • Symptoms of hormonal imbalance
  • A small quantity of fluid ejaculate
  • Prolonged use of laptops

When to contact a doctor?

Book an appointment with the doctor if you are not conceiving even after having regular, unprotected sex or you notice symptoms of infertility.